A more positive debate in education —Let's fewer ors and more ands

As a Spanish national living in the UK, it has always struck me as curious how the British often speak about Europe and the Europeans as if they themselves weren’t in Europe or, indeed, Europeans.

But Brits are not alone in this – when you think about it, everyone does it: we all seem to be hardwired to find that which is different and other, even in the face of overwhelming similarity. It seems to be the natural thing to do.

It would appear we have evolved to reason by juxtaposing concepts and establishing dichotomies. And it makes sense too. From an evolutionary point of view, dichotomies and juxtapositions help us to quickly and effectively differentiate between danger and safety, friend and foe, right and wrong, thus ensuring our survival and, along with it, this adversarial approach to problem solving and reasoning.

Such dichotomies and juxtapositions can clearly sometimes be helpful when it comes to explaining and understanding the world in which we live, but they often lock us into pointless debates and arguments that do nothing to widen our understanding of teaching and learning and improve the nature of the education we provide our children.

In my opinion, educators tend to get mired in ultimately pointless arguments such as whether schools should teach ICT as a skill or as a subject, or whether they should use computers or books, pens or keyboards… and, in doing so, they fail to realise it’s never a question of either/or but rather of as well as.

I propose then a more more positive debate in which there are fewer instead-ofs and more in-addtition-tos, fewer ors and more ands. A debate in which teaching and learning is allowed to free itself from the constrains of juxtapositions and dichotomies.

What do you think?

Photo by Dimitri Papazimouris


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  1. Yes, I agree absolutely.  I have taken full advantage of your resource page and added  ITC  where appropriate.  It has yielded fabulous results as a Language Arts teacher and slowly I get other teachers asking me how to do things.  However, I don’t add technology for technology sake, but rather if it enhances our process or opens new possibilities to something old.  For example, we have a class blog on classpress.  What I have noticed is that each year it takes on a new and different dimension.  Last year, students took to writing episodical stories and we would all wait with baited breath for the next episodes.  Not only did it give authentic readership, but it also built a culture and community around my students as writers.  Animoto and glogster were also our favorites and gave us a way to reflect on our learning experiences and share them with our community.  Thank you for all that you do, because my classroom directly benefits!

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